Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 130,139,228
  • % of total
  • 9.6%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 316,758,719
  • % of total
  • 23.4%
  • Total pension coverage*
  • 28%
  • Type of contributory pension
  • Provident fund, social insurance, employer-liability
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • South Asia
  • Income group
  • Lower middle income

% of older people (65+) receiving a pension, by type

Data on social pensions

Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 1995
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • Article 41 of the Indian Constitution, 1995

2014

Government of India: Frequently Asked Questions on NSAP

NSAP: guidelines on the various schemes of NSAPL: Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)

Eligibility criteria

2014

National Social Assistance Programme - Frequently asked questions

Adequacy

  • Monthly benefit (local currency)
  • 200 Rupees
  • US$
  • 3
  • % of GDP per capita
  • 2.2%
  • $ PPP
  • 11.4
  • % of $1.90 poverty line (PPP)
  • 20%
  • Local amount detailed/other benefits
  • Central government provides funding for 200 Rs a month to each recipient aged between 60 and 79 within the central assistance fund it distributes to state governments. State government is then required to distribute these funds and is requested to contribute an equal or larger amount, bringing the transfer level to 400 Rs or more a month. However, this is not adhered to across all states. Central Government funds 500 Rs a month to those over 80 years of age which is made available to state governments through the central assistance fund. Again, states are able to top up this amount. For information on individual state/UT contributions please see Sources.
  • References and notes

2015

NSAP: Beneficiary abstract

Coverage

  • Number of recipients
  • 20,595,274
  • Coverage of population over the age of eligibility
  • 17.7%
  • Coverage of population 60+
  • 17.7%
  • References and notes

2015

HelpAge Calculation

Cost

  • Total cost (local currency)
  • 49,428,657,600 Rupees
  • Cost as % of GDP
  • 0.0%
  • References and notes

 

Resources on the pension in India

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